Past issues

Welcome to IJLERA! International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications

Volume 07 - Issue 10 (October 2022)


Title:
A Comprehensive Analysis of Deep Learning's Impact on Natural Language Processing
Authors:
I. Venkata Dwaraka Srihith, R. Varaprasad, Y. Rama Mohan, T. Aditya Sai Srinivas, Y. Sravanthi
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 01 - 15, Vol 07 - No. 10, 2022
Abstract:
The application of deep learning (DL) models has become significantly more widespread in recent years, which has facilitated significant development in the field of natural language processing (NLP). Through the enhancement of verbal interactions between humans and computers, NLP makes intelligent robots possible. The need for data-driven automation of semantic analysis has increased in response to recent advancements in processing capability as well as the appearance of enormous quantities of linguistic data. The enormous advancements made by deep learning techniques in the fields of computer vision, automatic speech recognition, and NLP have contributed to the widespread acceptance of data-driven initiatives. In this paper, NLP applications that can benefit from deep learning are classified. It highlights fundamental NLP tasks and applications, in addition to the ways in which deep learning might improve those jobs and applications. In our analysis, we compare various tactics to various modern models.
Keywords:
Deep Learning (DL), Natural Language Processing (NLP), Artificial Intelligence (AI).
DOI:
10.56581/IJLERA.7.10.01-15
DOI Link:
https://doi.org/10.56581/IJLERA.7.10.01-15
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Title:
Application of Method of Inverse Fractional Differential Operator
Authors:
Chii-Huei Yu
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 16 - 24, Vol 07 - No. 10, 2022
Abstract:
In this paper, based on Jumarie’s modified Riemann-Liouville (R-L)fractional calculus, some examples are provided to illustrate how to use the method of inverse fractional differential operator to find the particular solutions of fractional differential equations. Product rule and chain rule for fractional derivatives and a new multiplication of fractional analytic functions play important roles in this paper.In fact, our results are generalizations of these results obtained by classical method of inverse differential operator.
Keywords:
Jumarie’s modified R-L fractional calculus, method of inverse fractional differential operator, particular solutions, new multiplication, fractional analytic functions
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Title:
Exploring Risks and Potentials of Language Models
Authors:
Ayse Kok Arslan
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 25 - 31, Vol 07 - No. 10, 2022
Abstract:
This study explores potential risks related to developing larger language models (LMs), which in turn might affect who can contribute to the field and who can benefit from the use of most advanced techniques. It invites researchers to carefully weigh these risks while pursuing this research direction, as well as take into account whether the benefits outweigh the risks given the presence of many available techniques (e.g. value sensitive design).
An in-depth understanding of the limitations of LMs and their related context of use does not only help clarify the misunderstandings given the hype on what LMs can do, but also might foster new research directions which might not necessarily relate to having larger LMs.
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Title:
PVAc/Epoxy Resin Ratio as Hybrid Matrix toward Hardness and Thickness Swelling of Particleboards Reinforced of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB)
Authors:
Sunardi Sunardi, Rizki Putra, Rina Lusiani, Agung Sudrajad
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 32 - 37, Vol 07 - No. 10, 2022
Abstract:
Indonesia has been the world's largest producer of palm oil since 2006 and the production reached 44.5 million tons in 2021, with an average growth of 3.61% per year. The high production of palm oil will accompany an increase in waste. Utilization of this waste can be a solution for handling waste from the palm oil processing industry. This study used a compaction pressure of 30 bar and a holding time of 120 minutes. The materials used are OPEFB fiber, sengon wood particles, epoxy resin, and PVAc. The composition of each material is calculated based on the volume fraction, namely: 15% OPEFB fiber, 50% sengon wood particles, and 35% combination of epoxy resin - PVAc. The variation of hybrid adhesive between the epoxy resin and PVAc is S1 (20/15), S2 (15/20), and S3 (10/25). The characteristics of particleboard observed were hardness, thickness swelling, and surface morphology. This research shows that PVAc content increases, the hardness and dimensional stability decreases. The best performance of particleboard is S1, with a composition of 20% epoxy resin and 15% PVAc. The thickness swelling and hardness is 4.01% and 103.38HB, respectively. Both of these characteristics meet the requirements of particleboard based on SNI 03-2105-2006.
Keywords:
hybrid adhesive, epoxy resin, PVAc, hardness, thickness swelling, SNI.
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Title:
Sustainability of rainwater management and land-use compliance – a case of greater Dhaka
Authors:
M. H. Huq and M. M. Rahman
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 38 - 61, Vol 07 - No. 10, 2022
Abstract:
Land-use change due to urbanization in the capital city Dhaka has resulted high population density, reduced green space, uneven rainfall distribution, increased runoff, reduced recharge, and water stress with an imbalance in the water cycle with quality and quantity of groundwater (GW). Acute reliance on GW for water demand management in Dhaka is yet to be complemented by rainwater despite high average annual rainfall and legal compliance for its use. The mandated rainwater harvesting (RWH) and GW recharge provisions can be easily integrated in greater Dhaka’s new urbanization having land occupancy 300 m2 and above. This study identifies the sustainability issues of rainwater management with a case study area in greater Dhaka applying GIS and using land-use compliance tools i.e., FAR (Floor Area Ratio) and MGC (Maximum Ground Coverage). The proposed land-use change explicates the possibility of 50% runoff reduction through an implementable rainwater management option with RWH from roof catchment and GW recharge from unpaved area. The potable and non-potable water saving efficiency reduces significantly if the urban growth is planned with higher FAR. Overall sustainability of rainwater management signifies a lower FAR 1 to 1.5 for greater Dhaka’s urban growth and enforcement of decentralized rainwater management compliance.
Keywords:
land-use compliance, rainwater management, rainwater harvesting (RWH), sustainability, water demand
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