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Welcome to IJLERA! International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications

Volume 09 - Issue 05 (May 2024)


Title:
Application of Robot for Stewardship
Authors:
Dr. Sunil Kumar M, Avula Sai Krishna, Monish Kumar A M, Santosh Neupane
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 01 - 05, Vol 09 - No. 05, 2024
Abstract:
This project aims at designing a low cost, efficient autonomous robot with a smart ordering system. Index Terms: Arduino, Motor, QR Code, Restaurant Website, Waiter Robot. The proposed robot combines advanced sensor technologies, and a robust control system to achieve accurate and reliable line-following capabilities. The integration of various sensor enables the robot to recognize and interpret intricate line patterns, facilitating seamless navigation through diverse environments. The key features of the delivery robot include a multiple IR sensor for real-time line detection, a sophisticated control algorithm for precise motor adjustments, and a clever programming that enhances performance over time. The robot's ability to follow lines with precision allows it to navigate complex routes, including indoor facilities, outdoor spaces, and public areas, making it versatile for various delivery scenarios.
Keywords:
Sensors, Audino, Battery, Wheels, Motors
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Title:
Effects of Processing Conditions on Type 4 Resistant Starch Content from Jackfruit Seed Starch
Authors:
Ho Thi Hao, Dang Minh Nhat, Mac Thi Ha Thanh
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 06 - 14, Vol 09 - No. 05, 2024
Abstract:
Resistant starch type 4 (RS4) is produced from many types of starch by chemical methods. In this study, jackfruit seed starch was mixed with citric acid, lactic acid and acetic acid with an acid: starch ratio of 2:1, incubated for 20 hours and heated for 6 hours, the starch content was antagonistic. The sample using acetic acid had the highest RS of 84.83%, an increase of more than 21% compared to the initial amount of RS in the starch sample (63.47%), followed by the sample using citric acid with RS of 71.36. %. However, for samples treated with lactic acid, the amount of RS decreased to 33.44%. The results showed that the RS4 content increased or decreased depending on the nature of the acid. SEM of modified starch granules for citric acid has a rougher surface and larger average size of starch granules, while for the other two acids there is no obvious change compared to the starch granule configuration original powder.
Keywords:
Jackfruit seed starch, starch, resistant starch, type 4 resistant starch, modified starch
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DOI:
10.56581/IJLERA.9.5.06-14

Title:
Art, Gods, Neanderthals, and Hunter-Gatherer Sapiens of the Paleolithic and Postpaleolithic
Authors:
Pedro Juan Urbano Cardona
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 15 - 32, Vol 09 - No. 05, 2024
Abstract:
Human beings have a sense of transcendence that leads them to seek explanations for their existence and their complex experiences with nature and their surroundings. The answers they obtain often go beyond the purely empirical, resorting to the existence of a supernatural world, even since the Paleolithic. Thus, we can define transcendence as the set of perceptions, feelings, beliefs, and behaviors related to the idea of the existence of forces, energies, and entities that are beyond the purely physical but connected to it, giving it meaning, and that in some cases can manifest to human beings, among other situations, in dreams and trance states. The human brain has developed both the ability to interpret the information it has, constructing a story, legend, or myth that explains the events it experiences, and the need to believe in that story, however implausible it may seem to reason, for the psychological tranquility it provides. The first manifestations of this feeling are observed in burials and the rock and portable art of the Paleolithic and post-paleolithic.
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DOI:
10.56581/IJLERA.9.5.15-32

Title:
Using Low-Energy Etching in a Beam-Plasma Discharge to Create Nanoelectronic Structures and Materials
Authors:
Alaa Abdulwahhab Azeez Baker, Bassam Mohsen Atiyah
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 33 - 39, Vol 09 - No. 05, 2024
Abstract:
To guarantee the necessary beam-plasma discharge modes are reliably reproduced, a specially designed electronic injector has been devised. The injector’s design may be used as a prototype for an injector that uses beam-plasma discharge to operate in technical plasma-chemical reactors. Based on a beam-plasma discharge, a model has been developed to compute the dynamics of currents and voltages of a non-conducting object processed in a plasma-chemical reactor. The Raton program was created in the Matlabtm environment based on the model. By contrasting the computation results with the experiment, the model’s suitability is verified.
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