Past Issue

Welcome to IJLERA! International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications

Volume 09 - Issue 06 (June 2024)


Title:
Exploring Distributed and Parallel Image Processing Analytically
Authors:
Muhammad D. Hassan
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 01 - 06, Vol 09 - No. 06, 2024
Abstract:
The documentation that is currently available disjointed and does not provide a unified framework that is suitable for beginners to use efficiently. For this reason, it is essential to have a comprehensive understanding of the area of parallel and distributed image processing. For those who are new to the subject of parallel or distributed image processing, this article offers a comprehensive analysis of both parallel and distributed image processing. It contains a wealth of material that is quite helpful to those who are just starting out in the field.These are the findings of our inquiry into parallel and distributed image processing, which are presented in the accompanying report. Not only do we concentrate on the application areas and ongoing research endeavors, but we also pay attention to the methodologies, tools, technology, and API that are used. An examination of the research problems associated with parallel and distributed image processing is carried out by us. We also provide an overview of possible research topics that may be pursued in the field of distributed image processing in the future. Individuals who are just starting out in the subject of parallel and distributed image processing might benefit from this study since it provides a concise understanding of the topic.
Keywords:
Data Parallelism, Parallel Image Processing Tools, Distributed Image Processing Systems ,Task Parallelism
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Title:
Smart Factory Personnel and Plant Safety Management System: A Study on Production Efficiency Re-evolution Based on Real-time Data Integration and Interaction Technology
Authors:
Chun-Chang Liu, Tien-Yin Chou, Kuo-Hao Tang, Yao-Min Fang
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 07 - 14, Vol 09 - No. 06, 2024
Abstract:
With the rise of Industry 4.0, smart factories have become vital to enhancing production efficiency and ensuring the safety of personnel and facilities in modern industrial settings. This study explores how advanced technologies and system integration can achieve digital and smart factory management. The smart factory management system integrates equipment monitoring, personnel positioning, and image recognition and possesses robust data analysis capabilities to support management decisions. This paper details the system's hardware and software requirements, environmental setup, and maintenance plan to ensure stable operation. The research results indicate that the smart factory management system can significantly improve production efficiency while greatly enhancing the safety of personnel and equipment, providing reliable assurance for enterprises in a highly competitive market.
Keywords:
Personnel Safety Management, Plant Environment Safety, Real-time Data Integration, Production Efficiency Re-evolution
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DOI:
10.56581/IJLERA.9.6.07-14

Title:
Evolution, Bipedalism, and Precision Throwing in Hominids
Authors:
Pedro Juan Urbano Cardona
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 15 - 21, Vol 09 - No. 06, 2024
Abstract:
The evolution of powerful and precise throwing developed a means of defense and attack that enabled hominins to colonize the savanna, occupy a new ecological niche, and become hunter-gatherers, essentially becoming humans. The first achievement occurred when the bipedalism and hand structure of Australopithecus allowed for throwing that was powerful and precise enough to defend against predators when venturing into open fields to exploit resources. Subsequently, the precision grip and more complex motor skills in H. habilis developed throwing as a means to compete, at least occasionally, for carrion with savanna predators, similar to how Hadza women use wooden digging sticks to drive off a leopard from its fresh kill. Finally, H. ergaster specialized in throwing, acquiring the most favorable anthropometry for maximum performance, with modifications in the glenohumeral joint, longer legs, shorter forearms, and optimal weight and height, which made it a hunter-gatherer of the savanna and its Homo descendants colonizers of all the Earth's emergent lands.
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DOI:
10.56581/IJLERA.9.6.15-21

Title:
A Systematic Review of Studies on Centrifigal Pumps
Authors:
Clinton Nachukwu Idibia, Joseph Chukwuma Ofodu, Ebigenibo Genuine Saturday
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 22 - 40, Vol 09 - No. 06, 2024
Abstract:
This paper focused on a systematic review of empirical studies carried out on radial blade centrifugal pumps in the last four decades (1980-2023).A focused literature search, based on PRISMA format for document selection and screening process for the systematic review, was adopted in conducting the empirical literatures search on Google scholar and other relevant sites, which are globally considered as most reliable and detailed database for literatures, to assess and download relevant empirical literature on efficiency and performance of centrifugal pumps carried out from 1980 to 2023. The results of the systematic empirical review were grouped into six different sections namely: Parametric Studies on Centrifugal Pump Impeller, the Pump Performance and Flow Field Studies, Design and Optimization of pump preference, Unsteady Flow Studies on Centrifugal Pump, Centrifugal Pump Performance Evaluation Studies and Centrifugal pump losses. The systematic review revealed that centrifugal pumps showed variant process operating conditions which were not always in agreement with the actual design conditions of the Pump. Hence, since the pumps are usually selected for operations within specific range of process conditions, it is usually critical that some field operators and maintenance teams usually may adopt to make certain field modifications in order to ensure and maintain the pumps availability to sustain operation and production, and a well calculated modification of the pump impeller have shown some remarkable operational improvement under some unavoidable changes on the process condition.
Keywords:
Centrifugal Pump, Pump impeller, Process condition, Systematic Review.
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Title:
Benefit Analysis of IoT-Based Smart Monitoring System for Stormwater Sewers: A Case Study of Taoyuan City
Authors:
Min-Chen Yeh., Tien-Yin Chou., Yao-Min Fang, Ming-Chang Tsai.
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 41 - 48, Vol 09 - No. 06, 2024
Abstract:
Addressing urbanization and extreme climate challenges that led to frequent flooding in Taoyuan City, exposing drainage system deficiencies, the Water Resources Bureau established the "Smart Sewer Monitoring System." Integrating IoT, AI image recognition, and data analytics enables real-time water level monitoring, waterlogging incident warnings, siltation and sewage mixing analysis, and pipeline service evaluation, providing accurate decision support. This project expands the monitoring coverage, constructing a multi-dimensional water situation monitoring and control mechanism, including expanding stations, optimizing waterlogging cause analysis, establishing a management decision support platform, and developing intelligent control mechanisms. It aims to enhance monitoring and flood diversion capabilities by strengthening the platform, improving waterlogging analysis accuracy, constructing a decision support system, and developing advanced control mechanisms. Integrating cutting-edge technologies, it achieves a reliable automated framework for real-time Taoyuan water situation monitoring, improving flood control, raising disaster risk awareness, and mitigating life and property threats through early warning and immediate response. System performance evaluation and formulating a climate change resilience strategy facilitate comprehensive disaster reduction and risk management.
Keywords:
Decision Support Platform, Smart Sewer Monitoring System, Risk Management, Flood Warning System
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DOI:
10.56581/IJLERA.9.6.41-48

Title:
A note on the existence of regular r -partite self-complementary and almost self-complementary r -uniform hypergraphs
Authors:
Lata N. Kamble
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 49 - 53, Vol 09 - No. 06, 2024
Abstract:
A hypergraph H is said to be r -partite r -uniform if its vertex set V can be partitioned into nonempty sets V1,V2...,Vr so that every edge in the edge set E(H), consists of precisely one vertex from each set Vi, i=1,2,...,r. It is denoted as Hr(V1,V2,...,Vr) or Hr (n1,n2,...,nr) if |Vi|=ni for i=1,2,...,r. In this paper, we prove a necessary condition for the existence of r -partite self-complementary r -uniform hypergraph. Further, we prove that there does not exist a regular r -partite almost self-complementary r -uniform hypergraph.
Keywords:
r -partite r -uniform hypergraph, r -partite self-complementary r -uniform hypergraph, r -partite almost self-complementary r -uniform hypergraph
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DOI:
10.56581/IJLERA.9.6.49-53