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Welcome to IJLERA! International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications

Volume 02 - Issue 05 (May 2017) (Version - I)


Title:
Super Restrained Domination in the Corona of Graphs
Authors:
Enrico L. Enriquez
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 01 - 06, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
Let G=(V(G),E(G)) be a simple graph. A set S⊆ V(G) is a restrained dominating set if every vertex not in S is adjacent to a vertex in S and to a vertex in V G ∖ S. It is a super restrained dominating set if for every vertex u∈V G ∖S, there exists v∈S such that NG v ∩(V G ∖S)={u}. The minimum cardinality of a super restrained dominating set in G, denoted by γspr(G), is called the super restrained domination number of G. In this paper, we initiate the study of the concept and give the characterization of the corona of two graphs and give some important results.
Keywords:
domination, restrained domination, super domination, super restrained domination
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Title:
Product cordial labeling of path union graphs related to C3
Authors:
Mukund V. Bapat
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 07 - 11, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
In this paper we study path union obtained by fusing a fixed vertex of graph G with each vertex of a path Pm. We take G = Flag C3 , C3+, bull C3, C3++ etc.
Keywords:
labeling, cordial, product, bull graph, crown, tail graph.
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Title:
Performance of Aluminium Anode by Addition of Zinc in Sea Water – A Review
Authors:
Gokulram.A
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 12 - 17, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
The main aim of this paper is to review the performance of aluminium-based sacrificial anode in the effect of zinc addition in sea water. The performance of aluminium anode is largely dependent on alloy composition and a good understanding of the relationships between the metallurgy and the anodic response of the alloys. Recent Researches show that with certain metallic alloys added significantly improves anode life and reduce costs.
Keywords:
aluminium anode, anode efficiency, metallic alloys
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Title:
Simplified Geometric Models for Clarifying Skill-Based Manipulation
Authors:
Akira Nakamura, Kazuyuki Nagata
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 18 - 29, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
Dexterous and reliable manipulation plays an important role in working robots. Manipulator tasks such as assembly of objects and operation of tools can generally be divided into several motion primitives. We call these “skills” and explain how most manipulator tasks can be composed of skill sequences. Skills are also used to compensate for errors both in the geometric model and in manipulator motions. There are dispensable data in the shapes, positions and orientations of objects that are not required to achieve skill motions in a task. Therefore, we can simplify geometric models by considering the dispensable data in a given skill motion. This paper proposes a method using simplified geometric modeling to easily understand skill-based manipulation involving high-level techniques. The procedures can clarify which parts of objects change at each step of a manipulation task. This method can also be applied to error recovery techniques for the overall manipulation system, since when the scope to be observed at each step of a task becomes clear, reliability improves.
Keywords:
Manipulation skill, Planning, Geometric model, Simplified model, Visual sensing, Error recovery
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Title:
Identification model of analog proximity sensor for a robot
Authors:
Hoai Nguyen
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 30 - 34, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
In recent years, it should be noted that proximity sensors have been increasingly popular with its application for a robot. Despite its importance to control and operation of robots, it is now very versalite for identification of mobile devices. In this paper, testing model to determine dynamic performance of analog sensor is presented. By hand-made detecting system is built successfully, the number of magnetic metals and non-magnetic metals are tested. Experimental outcomes prove that with the same sensing distance (8mm), the shape of output signal on ferrous and non-ferrous are distinct. This is an integral element for approaching road of mobile robot with different obstacles.
Keywords:
Identification model, Inductive proximity sensor, Static performance, Dynamic performance, Robot
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Title:
Comparison dynamic testing of analog proximity sensor for a autonomous vehicle
Authors:
Hoai Nguyen, Thanh Nguyen Le Chau, Vinh Nguyen Cong
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 35 - 39, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
In recent years, a large number of analog proximity sensors (APSs) are used in the field of autonomous vehicle control due to their wide operation area. In this research, two experimental methods by hand to determine the dynamic properties of the sensor are presented. A comparison of the results obtained from the output signal will provide an optimal experimental selection for application in mobile devices. The outcomes prove that the shape and the noise of the output signal depend on the installation of a fixed sensor or fixed material. This is critical key for studying the methods of minimizing signal interference in fact.
Keywords:
Dynamic testing, Analog sensor, Autonomous vehicle, Identification, Sensing distance
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Title:
Analysis and Selection of Airfoil sections for Low Speed UAV’s
Authors:
Karthik M A, Adithya H V, Ankeet M Purantagi, Hari R K, C V Vinay Kumar
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 40 - 49, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
Recent advancements in communications, materials technology and fabrication technology leads to improvisation in design and structural ability of economical UAV’s to serve as a multipurpose utility tool in different sectors viz., scientific, civil, agriculture and military sectors. The paper describes the design and analysis of different airfoil sections which suits best for the agricultural field imaging application. The paper studies background of different airfoil sections such as NACA0012, NACA0015, NACA4412, CLARK Y, S5010 suitable for subsonic speeds. This selection process was followed by the flow analysis of the airfoil sections by using ANSYS FLUENT software. Best suited airfoil was selected and the theoretical lift and drag values were validated with experimental values of wind tunnel test
Keywords:
Airfoils, ANSYS FLUENT, Fixed Wings, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, Wind Tunnel Test
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Title:
One point union cordiality of shel graph
Authors:
Mukund V. Bapat
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 50 - 54, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
In this paper we discuss cordial labeling of shell related graphs.We show that tail(s4,P2),G(k) where G = tail(s4,P3), tail(s4,2-P2) are cordial graphs
Keywords:
cordial, labeling, shell graph, one point union.
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Title:
Case Study: Pollution of Air with PM Particles in the City of Bitola, Macedonia
Authors:
Nikola V. Dimitrov, Mite Ristov, Gordana Boshkovska, Daniela Ristova, Aneta Pechipaykovska, Metodija Boskovski
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 55 - 58, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
The paper is the result of a research project that was conducted to assess the impact of urban air pollution from PM particles and raise people's awareness. The goal of the project was to identify air pollutants and to propose measures to overcome the problem. The research was attended by professors, young people and citizens supported by the local community. The monitoring values of PM10 at the measuring points show that the ambient air of the city of Bitola is permanently exacerbated with a negative impact on human health. Exposure to people with polluted air has shown significant changes in health status. These changes can be an indicator of environmental stress caused by uncontrolled urban air pollution. The survey ends with a draft measures to reduce air pollution in the city.
Keywords:
PM particles, polluted air, environmental stress, Bitola, Macedonia
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Volume 02 - Issue 05 (May 2017) (Version - II)


Title:
Solar Car
Authors:
Dr. R Bala Sundar Rao, Dipak Pandey, Baidhyanath Pandit, Shiva Raju B B, Yeswanth Yesodharan
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 01 - 07, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
In modern days, one of the most used renewable sources to produces the energy is solar energy in order to solve the some problem of energy crisis and pollution done by the carbon compounds. Basically solar car is a single sitter car and the basic principle of the car is that when sun light strikes the solar cells of the solar array, due to photovoltaic effect it produces electric current which can travel to the batteries through the connections for storage and which helps to run the DC motor through DC motor controller which in turns run the rear wheel with the help of chain drive and makes the car run. Dynamos are installed in the wheels of the car which helps to charge the battery and run the motor when sufficient sunlight is not present.
Keywords:
AC, BLDC, CV, DC, PV cell.
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Title:
Design and Fabrication of Solar Grass Cutter
Authors:
Mr. A R Deepak, Kiran Kunwar, Daneesh E, Rabin Kadayat, Punith C N
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 08 - 12, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
These days we are facing the problems like pollutions, power cut problem etc. In order to overcome these problems, we have thought about the device, which can be performing its functions without causing any of these problems. So we have thought of doing the project on cutting grass, this uses the renewable source of energy for its operation like solar energy. This project aims at developing a portable solar operated grass cutting device, as there is power shortage. So it was decided to make a solar energy operated device. Solar panel is connected to the battery. Battery is in turn connected to a DC motor. This motor is connected to blade shaft by the help of spur gears. This will rotate the blade in high speed as per the gear ratio and cut the grass. This device will help in building of eco-friendly system.
Keywords:
AC, DC Motor, N-Type, P-Type, PV Cell
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Title:
Maize Seed Separator
Authors:
Mrs. Chayadevi VG, Prakash Bhattarai, Bimal Adhikari, Athul Das, Anamol Khatri
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 13 - 17, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
Farmers face a lot of problems in extracting the grains from the crops. Framers need to do all the segregating process manually which is a cumbersome task for them and this also increases the cost of final product. Separating the corn grains is very difficult and time taking process when it has to be done on a large scale. This time consumption can be reduced to a considerably large extent by the use of maize seed separator machine. The machine deseeds the corn in mechanical way thereby reducing the time required. In this machine deseeding of maize/corn grain takes place by impact of chain that is attached to the motor driven shaft. These whole arrangement is enclosed in a cylindrical drum which has openings for hopper at the top, for grain at the bottom and for chaff at the one of its sides.
Keywords:
Chaff, Deseed
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Title:
All Terrain Bike
Authors:
Mr. Channabasavaraj B Dharani, Deepak Balami, Subash Khatri, Bibhuti Raj Pandit, Manoj R
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 18 - 23, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
There are many off-roads where travelling with common type of vehicle is nearly impossible. To overcome this problem the main objective of our project is to build a foldable and portable bike named ATB. ATB is a vehicle designed mainly to overcome off-road. ATB is small sized and demountable vehicle. It can be de-assembled and take away in the bag. It reduced the transport dimensions we can remove the wheels, rear trunk, steering and seat. The main advantage of this vehicle is light weight which positively affects the convenience of control, especially in conditions of heavy off-road. In this vehicle rear wheel runs by engine with the help of chain drive.
Keywords:
ATB, Chassis, Engine, Suspension, Tires, Brakes, Exhaust
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Title:
Design and Fabrication of Solar Tree
Authors:
Ayneendra B, Saubhagya Bista, Akhil J, Saifudheen C K, Dharmaraj Kasaudhan
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 24 - 29, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
Recently with the rising population and energy demands to get an opinion of renewable energy source, which should not cause to pollution or natural hazards, solar energy is the best alternative. A solar power tree is the best innovative way, which requires very less place to produce energy efficiently, which is much better than the traditional solar Photo-Voltaic (PV) system in the area point of view and more efficient. Though it can be implemented all types of land and movingly focus on the development of remote and socially backward areas when there is a lack of electricity.
Keywords:
Fibonacci series, PV cell, solar cells, solar energy, spiralling phyllataxy
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Title:
Portable biogas producing unit
Authors:
Mr. Krishna Murthy B, Roshan Shah, Mohammed Shihan A, Sharath V, Shine Shaji
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 30 - 34, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a highly promising technology for converting biomass waste into methane, which may directly be used as an energy source. This paper describes an alternative low cost approach to anaerobic digestion and energy production. This mainly depends on waste materials like food, garden waste, animal waste, paper and kitchen waste etc. Some extra equipment like crusher is used to obtain the biogas. The biogas so obtained can be used for different purposes without affecting the environment. The household waste, agricultural waste and animal waste can be used to produce the energy. The large and the fixed biodigester is converted into a portable biodigester.
Keywords:
Anaerobic digestion, Alternate, Biogas, Energy Methane, Waste
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Title:
Electric Bicycle
Authors:
Mr. Sunil H V, Bikash Shrestha, Lakshmikantha V, Ajay Kumar SR
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 35 - 40, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
Modern world demands the high technology which can solve the current and future problems. Fossil fuel shortage is the main problem now-a-days. Considering current rate of usage of fossil fuels will let its life up to next five decades only. Undesirable climate change is the red indication for not to use more fossil fuel any more. Best alternative for the automobile fuels to provide the mobility & transportation to peoples is sustainable electrical bike. Future e-bike is the best technical application as a visionary solution for the better world and upcoming generation. E-bike comprises the features like high mobility efficiency, compact, electrically powered, comfortable riding experience and light weight vehicle. E-bike is the most versatile future vehicle considering its advantages.
Keywords:
DC Motor, Electric Bike, Pedelecs
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Title:
Design and Fabrication of Drainage Cleaning System
Authors:
Abhishek, Lingesh S, Sabin Khatri, Manoj M, Mohammed Saleem A Sayed
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 41 - 44, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
Nowadays even though automation plays a very important role in all industrial applications, the proper disposal of sewages from industries and commercials are still a challenging task. Drainage cleaning system is proposed to overcome the real time problems. With the continuous expansion of industries, the problems of sewage water must be urgently solved to minimize the increasing sewage problems from industries that effects the surrounding environment. The solid waste produced from the industries are very harmful to humans and to the environment.
Keywords:
Drain cleaner, fabrication and working of automatic drain cleaner, waste water.
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Title:
Hybrid Two-Wheeler
Authors:
Harish N, Amar Thakur, Alwin George, Mahmadali Babu Sab Nadel
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 45 - 47, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
The traditional internal combustion engine made economic sense when oil was cheap and plentiful and the effects of burning fossil fuels and pollution were not understood. The environmental damage from internal combustion engine is compounded by the problem of air pollution. As well as carbon dioxide emissions, cars also produce dangerous chemicals such as nitrogen oxides (NOX), Sulphur oxide (SOX) and carbon monoxide emissions. The problem of lost energy, as well as the need to reduce carbon emissions and dangerous pollutants, has spawned the industry to attempt to meet these challenges, whilst sticking to the traditional petrol and diesel run engine. Indeed a lot of these technologies, whether it be turbo chargers to improve fuel efficiency.
Keywords:
Hybrid Electric Vehicle, Two Wheeler Hybrid Vehicle, Hybrid Electric Scooter
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Title:
Solar Cart for Street Vendor
Authors:
Mr. A R Deepak, Sushil Sapkota, Prakash Lama, Majnunath R, Rojy Abraham
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 48 - 53, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
Due to urbanization and industrialization there is a rapid acceleration of migration from rural are to urban area. So urban centers are unable to provide employment to all workforce, so they have to find other opportunities for the settlement in informal sector. Within this informal sector, vendors sell their goods in competitive market. Street vendors are often those who are unable to get regular jobs in the remunerative formal sector on account of their low level of education and skills. They try to solve their livelihoods problems through their own meagre financial resource. They are the main distribution channel for a large variety of products of daily consumption like fruits, vegetables, readymade garments, shoes, household gadgets, toys, stationery, newspapers, and magazines and so on.If they were to be eliminated from the urban markets, it would lead to a severe crisis for fruit and vegetable farmers, as well as small scale industries which cannot afford to retail their products through expensive distribution networks in the formal sector.
Keywords:
BLDC, PV Cell, Solar
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Title:
Design of Multipurpose Cleaning System by Using Steam
Authors:
Krishnamurthy M, Mohammed Jameel M J, Safad K P, Akshay Kumar K, Akhila U
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 54 - 60, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
The multipurpose cleaning system by using steam uses steam force which can clean up things that are used by human in day to day life. The commercial detergent washers are compared with the system and it was found that the washing is very convenient and soapy forms are not produced that made the washing very clumsy. The removal of bacterial populations formed on surface of any material would be totally eradicated. The reason behind using the steam for washing purpose is the less wastage of water and also its availability. The development of steam based cleaning system has revolutionized the process of washing. One can choose an appropriate type of high power steam cleaners for challenging cleaning applications in office, commercial and industrial settings. The steam does that thing that commercial washing system cannot do. A steam can remove grease and grime while for normal cleaning requires expensive detergents. So our prime focus is to use the steam and make multiple cleaning.
Keywords:
Boiler, Pressurize, Steamer, Surfaces, Vaporize.
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Title:
Design and Fabrication of Briquetting Machine for Solid Waste
Authors:
Manjunath K S, Omprakash M, Niranjan Pangeni, Biradar Hanumant
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 61 - 66, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
Fossil fuels are the major source for energy. The excess use of these fuels will lead to serious environmental issues like global warming and air pollution. Since the fossil fuels are getting depleted day by day, it is the high time to convert biomass wastes such as sawdust, coir pitch, coffee husk, rice husk etc., to useful biomass briquettes which will be the substitute for some of the fossil fuels. This paper focuses on the design and fabrication of briquetting machine which convert the agricultural and forest waste into source of fuel. It also focuses on the production of biomass briquettes using raw materials mainly sawdust and dry leaves with binding agents like coffee husk and wheat flour. Also study is carried out to investigate the calorific values of the briquettes using bomb calorimeter. The results indicated that the briquettes made from sawdust, dry leaves and very small amount of wheat flour (binding agent) are compact, dry and have greater calorific value when compared to the briquettes made from sawdust, dry leaves and coffee husk (binding agent) are not strongly bonded and possesses slightly lower calorific value.
Keywords:
Biomass, Briquette, Husk, Sieve.
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Title:
Power Generation by Operating Closing and Opening of Door
Authors:
V K Ravi, Noble Dhas
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 67 - 70, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
Comfort coupled with safety and simplicity is what man strives for. Our idea has been to bring about both. The culmination of our effort has resulted in development of a new “POWER GENERATION ON DOOR OPENING AND CLOSING.” As today’s world requires a lot of energy in different phases to run their livelihood, so this idea describes about the conversion of muscular energy into mechanical energy which can be again converted into useful electrical energy. This conversion can be carried out using a simple belt drive and a generator (dynamo). So the energy which is going unutilized one or the other way can be used for many applications where doors are frequently opened and closed such as shopping malls, ATMs, hospitals, etc. so energy can be utilized properly.
Keywords:
Door opening, Generator, Energy Conversion, Electricity, Free Energy.
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Title:
Pedal Operated Hacksaw
Authors:
Ayneendra B, Sachin Hulageri
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 71 - 73, Vol 03 - No. 05, 2018
Abstract:
In this project work an effort has been made to design and developed model of Pedal Powered Hacksaw. The pedal powered hacksaw is a device which is used for cutting wood, plastic and metals. The basic principles of power driven hacksaw is Slider Crank Mechanism which is an inversion of four bar chain mechanism. In this mechanism, the connecting rod is directly connected to the hacksaw for the processing of cutting the wooden blocks. The hacksaw move to and fro motion when the pedal is powered, so as the rotating disc rotates. The main aim of this project is to reduce the human effort for machining various materials.
Keywords:
Pedal Powered Hacksaw, Sprocket Arrangement, Slider and Crank Mechanism.
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